Food Intake in Young Girls
This study experimentally tested the consequences of twiddling with thin dolls on body image and food intake in 6- to 10-year-old Dutch girls (N = 117). Girls were randomly assigned to play with a skinny doll, an average-sized doll, or Legos during a no doll control . After 10 min, they participated during a taste-test and completed questionnaires about body image. No differences were found between conditions for any of the body image variables. However, girls who played with the average-sized doll ate significantly more food than girls in other exposure conditions. Although no support was found for the idea that twiddling with thin dolls influences body image, the dolls directly affected actual food intake in these young girls. Sex Dolls
Keywords: Barbie doll, Emme doll, Thin dolls, Body image, Food intake, Young girls
The present study experimentally tested the direct effects of exposure to thin dolls on body image and food intake during a sample of young Dutch girls. An increasing number of studies have demonstrated the link between thin ideal exposure and body image in young Australian children (e.g., Ricciardelli and McCabe 2001). for instance , watching television and perceiving pressure to be thin from the media were found to be associated with increased awareness of weight loss strategies and disturbed eating behavior over time in young North American and Australian children (Harrison and Hefner 2006; McCabe and Ricciardelli 2005). As girls in Western societies (like The Netherlands) are frequently exposed to thin fashion dolls, this might affect the event of their body image and eating behaviors also . Since little is understood about the consequences of twiddling with thin dolls, it’s important to research the consequences of doing so on young girls’ body image and eating behavior.
Numerous studies have shown that children in Western societies experience body image concerns at a really young age (Davison et al. 2003; Hill et al. 1994; Hill and Robinson 1991; Schur et al. 2000; Shunk and Birch 2004). This research stresses the importance of studying socio-cultural influences on children (e.g., Clark and Tiggemann 2006; Collins 1991). Children learn through observing and imitating behaviors they see in their environment (Villani 2001). for instance , in children’s media, beauty is usually related to goodness, whereas ugliness is related to badness (Herbozo et al. 2004). Furthermore, the media teaches children that obese children have fewer friends, are less liked by their parents, are lazier, and fewer happy than normal weight children (Hebl and Heatherton 1998; Hebl and Turchin 2005; Hill and Silver 1995). Young girls are found to be especially vulnerable to thin ideal media, negatively affecting body satisfaction and promoting disturbed eating behaviors like dieting (e.g., Moriarty and Harrison 2008; Phares et al. 2004). Many young girls indicate using media as a crucial source of data about dieting (Lawrie et al. 2007; Schur et al. 2000). Sbobbet
Like children’s media, twiddling with toys is additionally a part of the socialization process of youngsters (Sutton-Smith 1985). Fashion dolls might function role models for young girls. twiddling with these dolls might provide girls with mental representations of what’s expected of them later in life, with reference to their social skills also as their body appearance. the foremost famous fashion doll within the world is perhaps Mattel’s Barbie. In Western societies, most girls own one or more Barbie dolls (Rogers 1999). Particularly famous aspects of Barbie are her body shape and proportions that are criticized for being extremely unrealistic (e.g., Brownell and Napolitano 1995; Pedersen and Markee 1991). Norton et al. (1996) showed that the probability for such a body shape is a smaller amount than 1 in 100,000 women. Since many young girls are exposed to the present unrealistic thin ideal by twiddling with Barbie dolls, this might affect how they appear at themselves.
Although there has been discussion about the extremely thin body of Barbie, just one experimental study actually tested the consequences of exposure to pictures of Barbie on body image during a sample of young girls’ from the uk (Dittmar et al. 2006). therein study, 5- to 8-year-old girls were exposed to pictures of Barbie or to pictures of Emme (developed by Tonner); a doll with more realistic body proportions that was endorsed by the American Dietetic Association as a healthy model for young girls. They found that girls between the ages of 5.5 to 7.5 years old had lower body esteem scores and a greater discrepancy between actual and ideal body sizes or actual and human body sizes (relative difference between the particular body size of the girl and her desired human body size) if they were exposed to pictures of a Barbie, whereas exposure to pictures of the Emme doll had no effects on these variables. However, children between the ages of seven .5 and 8.5 experienced greater actual and human body discrepancies if exposed to pictures of Emme, whereas no effects were found for exposure to pictures of Barbie during this age bracket . Dittmar et al. (2006) reasoned that the age difference they found are often explained by the very fact that the women under the age of seven .5 are still developing a self-concept and thus use Barbie actively as a reference norm, whereas girls older than 7.5 years have already internalized the skinny ideal as a cognitive self-concept structure (see also Vygotsky 1991). Star Wars Casino
In the present study, we aimed toward replicating and increasing the study by Dittmar et al. (2006) by testing the consequences of truly twiddling with thin dolls vs. twiddling with a mean sized doll. Dittmar et al. (2006) found lower body esteem and better body dissatisfaction in girls after exposure to pictures of the Barbie doll as compared to pictures of the Emme doll and therefore the control . No differences between the Emme doll and therefore the control were found on these variables. Dittmar et al. (2006) used pictures of the dolls as stimulus material in their experiment. it’s possible that really twiddling with the doll would have more profound effects since the body proportions of the doll become even more salient once they actually handle it. additionally , because the Emme doll does differ from the Barbie doll not only in body size but also literally tall and weight (see Fig. 1), a bigger but equally slim doll (Tyler) as Barbie was included within the present study to regulate for the possible confounding effect of the smaller size of the Barbie doll. additionally , following Dittmar et al. (2006), a neutral condition was included to function a baseline condition for girls’ body image which involved twiddling with Legos rather than a doll. almost like Dittmar et al. (2006), age differences were tested within the present study. Since we all know that negative body image and dissatisfaction are related to unhealthy eating behaviors like dieting and bulimic eating behaviors (e.g., Stice 2001), it’s essential to check whether twiddling with these different-sized dolls features a direct impact on eating behavior. Therefore, we included food intake as a dependent measure within the present study.